One of the greatest things about Montessori is how everything learned can be learned in a concrete way and more than one piece of knowledge is usually connected to the activity. Take, for instance, the map of the continents. By use of the Montessori puzzle (and globe), children learn where each continent is in relationship to the world. They are color coded for children to help differentiate between each continent and make an association based on the color.
Not only do they learn to establish where in the world each continent is, but they begin to learn the zoology, botany, and culture of each continent. One of the early activities I'll do with my kiddos is to match the animals that belong to each continent. Using miniature animals not only makes it more concrete, but fun! I have a board book that matches the Montessori color coding and is a visual for the name and color/shape of the continent. Along with that visual, the child will begin to learn at least 3 animals from each of the 7 continents.
Later on, I can begin to have them learn about the different flags, historical monuments/buildings, and different type of cultures (mostly with the use of the TOOBS miniature figures). African culture, Egyptian culture, and historical event like the Revolutionary War.
Other activities I'll present to them are matching the names of the continents to the image using a 3-period lesson, matching games with pictures of animal cards and continent cards, tracing activities where they trace the puzzle piece, label and color. These are just some of the ideas I will use to implement the learning of culture, geography, zoology, and history in my classroom.